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Sunday, April 20, 2014


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Showcase - Jamini Roy
In the 1920s, many experiments in art practices took place in Calcutta and Santiniketan. Amidst this activity, the story of Jamini Roy, who turned to the folk arts of Bengal, is remarkable. Although trained at the Government School of Art, Calcutta, Roy’s artistic impulses were rooted in his growing years in Beliatore village in the Birbhum district of undivided Bengal at that time. Roy adopted the simplification of the forms, the bold, flat colours and the medium, material and themes of local folk paintings. He discarded expensive canvas and oil paint and opted for the more inexpensive material and medium of the folk artist. He rendered images from Ramayana and Krishna Lila. He painted ordinary men and women from the village, reinventing popular images from the patua’s repertoire. Jamini Roy restricted his palette to seven colours- Indian red, yellow ochre, cadmium green, vermillion, grey, blue and white. These were mostly earthy or mineral colours.

The appropriation of folk idioms manifested in various ways. There was a phase in which he adopted the calligraphic brush lines of Kalighat Patuas to create sophisticated forms. The austerity of lines only serves to highlight Roy’s superb control over brush. The lines drown lyrically and sometimes even sensuously with lampblack over white or pale gray background show not only vigour, but also the poetry latent in the human form. The paintings Baul and Woman Seated are excellent example of this style.

Roy brought the sensibilities of a formerly educated artist to his appropriation of folk idiom. He can not escape sophistication in his figuration. Moreover the monumentality that he often brings to his figuration recalls the quality of classical sculptures.

Jamini Roy

Mother and Child, Oil on canvas, 46.5 X 116.5 cm

Jamini Roy

Bengali Woman, Tempera on cardboard, 35.5 X 73.7 cm

Jamini Roy

Gopini, Tempera on cloth, 68 X 51.2 cm

Jamini Roy

Santhal Girl, Oil on canvas, 48.5 X 106 cm

Jamini Roy

Cat and the lobster, Tempera on paper, 39.7 X 27.5 cm

Jamini Roy

Santhal Dance, Tempera on paper, 70.5 X 36.8 cm

 

Miniature Painting

Tanjore and Mysore

European Traveller Artists

Company Period

Kalighat Painting

Academic Realism

Bengal School

Amrita Sher-Gil

Jamini Roy

Gaganendranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore

Shantiniketan

Artists Collectives

Abstraction in Contemporary Indian Art

Art Movements of 1960s

Art Movements in 1970s

Contemporaries

Modern Sculptures

Print Making

Photography